“In August [23, 1996, Osama bin Laden] issued an open call for war titled ‘The Declaration of Jihad on the Americans Occupying the Country of the Two Sacred Places,’ meaning Saudi Arabia, where more than five thousand U.S. soldiers and airmen were based. Bin Laden asked his followers to attack Israelis and Americans and cause them ‘as much harm as can possibly be achieved.’ “

 – Steve Coll, Ghost Wars, Page 10