“The War Crimes Act of 1996, as amended, makes it a criminal offense to commit certain violations of the law of war when such offenses are committed by or against U.S. nationals or Armed Service members. Among other things, the act prohibits certain violations of Common Article 3 of the 1949 Geneva Conventions …”

– Congressional Research Service, “The War Crimes Act: Current Issues,” January 22, 2009, FAS.org, PDF accessed 8/6/2017