In an online report by Brown University Watson Institute For International And Public Affairs’ The Costs of [post-9/11 wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the related violence in Pakistan and Syria] War Project, titled “Costs of War,” “SUMMARY OF FINDINGS – Some of the Costs of War Project’s main findings include:
At least 800,000 people have died due to direct war violence, including armed forces on all sides of the conflicts, contractors, civilians, journalists, and humanitarian workers.
It is likely that many times more have died indirectly in these wars, due to malnutrition, damaged infrastructure, and environmental degradation.
Over 335,000 civilians have been killed in direct violence by all parties to these conflicts.
Over 7,000 US soldiers have died in the wars.
We do not know the full extent of how many US service members returning from these wars became injured or ill while deployed.
Many deaths and injuries among US contractors have not been reported as required by law, but it is likely that approximately 8,000 have been killed.
21 million Afghan, Iraqi, Pakistani, and Syrian people are living as war refugees and internally displaced persons, in grossly inadequate conditions.
The US government is conducting counterterror activities in 80 countries, vastly expanding this war across the globe.
The wars have been accompanied by erosions in civil liberties and human rightsat home and abroad.
The human and economic costs of these wars will continue for decades with some costs, such as the financial costs of US veterans’ care, not peaking until mid-century.
US government funding of reconstruction efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan has totaled over $199 billion. Most of those funds have gone towards arming security forces in both countries. Much of the money allocated to humanitarian relief and rebuilding civil society has been lost to fraud, waste, and abuse.
The cost of the Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Syria wars totals about $6.4 trillion. This does not include future interest costs on borrowing for the wars, which will add an estimated $8 trillion in the next 40 years.
The ripple effects on the US economy have also been significant, including job loss and interest rate increases.
Both Iraq and Afghanistan continue to rank extremely low in global studies of political freedom.
Women in Iraq and Afghanistan are excluded from political power and experience high rates of unemployment and war widowhood.
Compelling alternatives to war were scarcely considered in the aftermath of 9/11 or in the discussion about war against Iraq. Some of those alternatives are still available to the US.”
– The Costs of War Project, “Costs of War,” online report, Brown University Watson Institute For International And Public Affairs, watson.brown.edu, accessed online February 8, 2020
“Counting the value of lives lost as well as property damage and lost production of goods and services, losses already exceed $100 billion. Including the loss in stock market wealth — the market’s own estimate arising from expectations of lower corporate profits and higher discount rates for economic volatility — the price tag approaches $2 trillion.
Among the big-ticket items:
-The loss of four civilian aircraft valued at $385 million.
-The destruction of major buildings in the World Trade Center with a replacement cost of from $3 billion to $4.5 billion.
-Damage to a portion of the Pentagon: up to $1 billion.
-Cleanup costs: $1.3 billion.
-Property and infrastructure damage: $10 billion to $13 billion.
-Federal emergency funds (heightened airport security, sky marshals, government takeover of airport security, retrofitting aircraft with anti-terrorist devices, cost of operations in Afghanistan): $40 billion.
-Direct job losses amounted to 83,000, with $17 billion in lost wages.
-The amount of damaged or unrecoverable property hit $21.8 billion.
-Losses to the city of New York (lost jobs, lost taxes, damage to infrastructure, cleaning): $95 billion.
-Losses to the insurance industry: $40 billion.
-Loss of air traffic revenue: $10 billion.
-Fall of global markets: incalculable.”
– IAGS.org, “How much did the September 11 terrorist attack cost America?” IAGS.org [The Institute for the Analysis of Global Security,] Accessed on 2/28/2017
“A retired CIA officer has been taken into custody in Portugal and faces extradition to Italy within days to serve a four-year sentence for her role in the 2003 kidnapping of a radical Muslim cleric.
Sabrina De Sousa, 61, was among 23 Americans convicted in absentia in 2009 for the kidnapping of Egyptian-born cleric Hassan Osama Nasr, known as Abu Omar, as he walked to a mosque in Milan, Italy, on Feb. 17, 2003. He was taken to Egypt and later said he was tortured. He was imprisoned until 2007.”
– Tom Kington, “Portugal detains ex-CIA officer for extradition to Italy for jail time in case of kidnapped Muslim cleric,” LATimes.com, Feb. 22, 2017
“Batches of newly disclosed documents
[stamped “Salim v. Mitchell – United States Bates Stamp #001949, 12/20/2016] about the Central Intelligence Agency’s defunct torture program are providing new details about its practices of slamming terrorism suspects into walls, confining them in coffinlike boxes and subjecting them to waterboarding — as well as internal disputes over whether two psychologists who designed the program were competent.
The release of the newly available primary documents, which include information not discussed in a 500-page executive summary of the Senate Intelligence Committee’s investigation into the C.I.A. torture program that was released in 2014, comes at the same time as an urgent legal battle is unfolding over the potential fate of the still-classified, 6,700-page full version of that report.”
– Sheri Fink, James Risen, and Charles Savage, “C.I.A. Torture Detailed in Newly Disclosed Documents,” The New York Times online, Jan 19, 2017
In a 2016 anniversary article on the aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001, World Trade Center collapse: “In 2011, the federal World Trade Center Health Program (WTCHP) was established. It has 75,000 registered members, 87% of whom worked on rescue, recovery and clean-up. The rest are New York residents or workers. A total of 1,140 registered members have died since the program was created in 2011, WTCHP spokeswoman Christy Spring said. … Causes of death are not recorded by the WTCHP. There is no central record for how many people died between 2001 and 2011 from illnesses linked to 9/11 fumes and debris, Spring said, nor any way of knowing exactly how many other people have died without any record of their illnesses having been caused by exposure near Ground Zero.”
– Joanna Walters, “9/11 health crisis: death toll from illness nears number killed on day of attacks,” TheGuardian.com, Sept. 11, 2016
From CNN.com’s Sept. 11, 2001, timeline of attacks: “Economic Impact:
-$500,000 – Estimated amount of money it cost to plan and execute the 9/11 attacks.
-$123 billion – Estimated economic loss during the first 2-4 weeks after the World Trade Center towers collapsed in New York City, as well as decline in airline travel over next few years
-$60 billion – Estimated cost of the WTC site damage, including damage to surrounding buildings, infrastructure and subway facilities.
-$40 billion – Value of the emergency anti-terrorism package approved by the US Congress on September 14, 2001.
-$15 billion – Aid package passed by Congress to bail out the airlines.
-$9.3 billion – Insurance claims arising from the 9/11 attacks.
Cleanup at Ground Zero:
May 30, 2002 – Cleanup at Ground Zero officially ends.
-It took 3.1 million hours of labor to clean up 1.8 million tons of debris.
-The total cost of cleanup was $750 million.”
– CNN Library, “September 11, 2001: Background and timeline of the attacks,” CNN.com, Sept. 8, 2016
“As of August 2016, the US has already appropriated, spent, or taken on obligations to spend more than $3.6 trillion in current dollars on the wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Syria and on Homeland Security (2001 through fiscal year 2016). To this total should be added the approximately $65 billion in dedicated war spending the Department of Defense and State Department have requested for the next fiscal year, 2017, along with an additional nearly $32 billion requested for the Department of Homeland Security in 2017, and estimated spending on veterans in future years. When those are included, the total US budgetary cost of the wars reaches $4.79 trillion.” [The 15th of the month for date sorting purpose only]
– Neta C. Crawford, “US Budgetary Costs of Wars through 2016: $4.79 Trillion and Counting Summary of Costs of the US Wars in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan and Homeland Security,” Watson Institute: International & Public Affairs, Brown University, Sept. 2016
After seeing the recent release of the 28 pages [actually 29 pages] from the 2002 Congressional Investigation Report,
that were held back by the Bush Administration – Simon Henderson wrote, “Now we know why the Bush administration wouldn’t let the public see the infamous 28 pages detailing Saudi Arabia’s connection to 9/11. Those pages from a 2002 congressional investigation into 9/11 were finally released [recently] and they are devastating. Investigators found strong evidence that some of the hijackers were in contact with, and received support and assistance from, individuals who may be connected to the Saudi government, including two Saudi intelligence officers. One of those men, Osama Basnan, received a significant amount of cash from a member of the Saudi royal family. When captured, al Qaida leader Abu Zubaydah had in his phone book the unlisted number of a company that managed the Colorado home of Prince Bandar bin Sultan, the then Saudi ambassador to the U.S. and a Bush family friend. The report also concluded that members of the royal family had been funneling money to Islamic extremists; my own reporting back in 2002 found that Saudi princes were paying off Osama bin Laden to cause trouble elsewhere but not in the kingdom. In response to the release of the report, the Saudis said there was no proof of any link to terrorists, and the matter is now finished. No, it isn’t.”
[Editor’s note: The 28 pages (actually 29 pages) were released on, or about July 16, 2016.
– Simon Henderson, “The Saudis’ involvement in 9/11,” The Week, Vol 16, Issue 781, July 29, 2016
“The Report of the Iraq Inquiry: Executive Summary – Report of a Committee of Privy Counsellors” Commissioned by the Prime Minister The Right Honourable Gordon Brown MP, and ordered by the UK House of Commons to be printed on July 6, 2016. It is also known as “The Chilcot Report” and “The Chilcot Inquiry” after Sir John Chilcot, chairman of The Iraq Inquiry committee at the time it was published.
– Commissioned by the Prime Minister The Right Honourable Gordon Brown MP, “The Report of the Iraq Inquiry: Executive Summary,” IraqInquiry.org.uk, Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed on 7/6/2016
“In 2014, acts of terror cost the world $52.9 billion — roughly the size of Bulgaria’s entire annual gross domestic product — compared with $51.51 billion in the aftermath of Sept. 11, according to the latest annual Global Terrorism Index by the Institute for Economics and Peace, which has been collecting data since 1997.”
– Sangwon Yoon and Andre Tartar, “The Global Economic Cost of Terrorism Is Now at Its Highest Since 9/11: Nearly 10 times as many killed in attacks than 15 years ago,” Bloomberg.com, Nov. 16, 2015