In The Iraq War Reader, Christopher Hitchens wrote: “Iranians of all factions are convinced that the United States actively encouraged Iraq to attack their country on September 22, 1980. It remains unclear exactly what the U.S. role was in this invasion; but there is ample evidence of the presence of our old friends, wink and nod.”

 – Eds. Micah L. Sifry and Christopher Cerf, The Iraq War Reader, Page 51