“On September 21 [2001], [Secretary of Defense Donald] Rumsfeld received from [Central Command leader] General [Tommy] Franks the first draft of a battle plan [for attacking Afghanistan], Operation Enduring Freedom. On October 2, [President] Bush approved the four-phase plan that would lead to the defeat of the Taliban regime. There was no commitment to reconstruct Afghanistan.”

 – Ahmed Rashid, Descent Into Chaos, Page 74