On September 11, 1998, three weeks after the botched cruise missile strike on Osama bin Laden, CIA Director George “Tenet met with the rest of the leaders of the American intelligence community. They agreed that they had to make ‘substantial and sweeping changes’ in the way the nation collected, analyzed, and produced information. If they did not, they said, the result would be ‘a catastrophic systemic intelligence failure.’ ”

 – Tim Weiner, Legacy of Ashes, Pages 542-543