Regarding the formation of al Qaeda, “By the end of the Soviet occupation [of Afghanistan], an estimated 35,000 Muslim radicals from forty-three Islamic countries had joined the fight [against the Soviets]. …On August 11, 1988, bin Laden held a meeting in which he discussed the establishment of a new military group–al-Qaeda.”

 – Bob Graham with Jeff Nussbaum, Intelligence Matters, Page 28