Former National Security Advisor under Jimmy Carter, Zbigniew Brzezinski said: ” ‘According to the official version of history, CIA aid to the Mujahadeen began during 1980, that is to say, after the Soviet army invaded Afghanistan, 24 Dec 1979. But the reality, secretly guarded until now, is completely otherwise: Indeed, it was July 3, 1979 that President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul. And that very day, I wrote a note to the president in which I explained to him that in my opinion this aid was going to induce a Soviet military intervention. …We didn’t push the Russians to intervene, but we knowingly increased the probability that they would.’ ”

 – “The CIA’s Intervention in Afghanistan,” Le Nouvel Observateur, Jan. 15-21, 1998