On July 25, 1990, U.S. Ambassador to Iraq, April Glaspie, told Saddam Hussein ” ‘I admire your extraordinary efforts to rebuild your country. I know you need funds. We understand that and our opinion is that you should have the opportunity to rebuild your country. But we have no opinion on the Arab-Arab conflicts, like your border disagreement with Kuwait.’ ”

 – Special to The New York Times, “Excerpts From Iraqi Document on Meeting With U.S. Envoy,” The New York Times, Sep. 23, 1990