In his farewell/resignation letter on July 23, 1989, to U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan Robert Oakley, U.S. Special Envoy to the Afghan resistance Ed McWilliams wrote: ” ‘I believed and continue to believe that we were wrong to have been so close to some in the [Northern] alliance; wrong to have given ISI [Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence] such power and (now) wrong not to be actively seeking a political settlement [in post-Soviet Afghanistan].’ ”

 – Steve Coll, Ghost Wars, Page 199