“On April 17, 1987, Soviet helicopters and bomber jets hit Osama bin Laden’s new fortified compound at Jaji [Afghanistan], an assemblage of small crevices and caves dug into rocky hills above the border village. …The battle of Jaji marked the birth of Osama bin Laden’s public reputation as a warrior among Arab jihadists. …After Jaji he began a media campaign designed to publicize the brave fight waged by Arab volunteers who stood their ground against a superpower.”

 – Steve Coll, Ghost Wars, Pages 162-163